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Publications > Training Manual on Mushroom Cultivation Technology
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Acknowledgments
This report has been prepared by Professor Shu-Ting Chang, Emeritus Professor of Biology of The Chinese University of Hong Kong under contract with UNAPCAEM. Valuable comments have been offered by a number of persons from Professor G.Gantulga from Mongolia, Dr. S.K.Adhikary from Nepal, Dr. Kwang-Jae CHOE from ROK, and Professor Ping Chang of UNAPCAEM. These comments have been incorporated where applicable.
Table of Content

ABSTRACT
1 INTRODUCTION
2. OVERVIEW OF THE MUSHROOM INDUSTRY (CONTENTS FOR A ONE-WEEK
MUSHROOM TRAINING WORKSHOP)
2.1 Mushrooms and Mushroom Biology
2.1.1 Definition of a Mushroom
2.1.2 Mushroom Hunting
2.1.3 Ecological Classification of Mushrooms
2.1.4 Magnitude of Mushroom Species
2.1.5 Concept of Mushroom Biology
2.2 Applied Mushroom Biology
2.2.1 Mushroom Science---Food Supply through Mushroom Themselves
2.2.2 Mushroom Biotechnology ---Enhance Human Health through Mushroom Derivatives
2.2.3 Mushroom Bioremediation----Benefit the Environment through Mushroom Mycelia
2.3 Mushroom Genetics and Breeding
2.3.1 Discovery of Sexuality by Kniep and Bensaude
2.3.2 Sexuality in the Edible Mushrooms
2.3.3 Mating Systems (Patterns of Sexuality) in Fungi
2.3.4 Life Cycle
2.3.5 Strain Improvement (Breeding Program)
2.4 Principle of Mushroom Cultivation and Production
2.4.1 Mushroom Cultivation: Both a Science and an Art
2.4.2 World Mushroom Production
2.4.3 Differences in Mushroom Production Patterns
2.4.4 World Mushroom Market
2.4.5 Development of World Mushroom Movements (Organizations)
2.5 Mushroom Nutritional and Medicinal Properties
2.5.1 Nutritional Value of Mushrooms
2.5.2 Medicinal Properties of Mushrooms
2.5.3 Mushroom Nutriceuticals
3 MUSHROOM CULTIVATION TECHNOLOGY (CONTENTS FOR A MUSHROOM
TRAINING COURSE)
3.1 Major Phases of Mushroom Cultivation
3.1.1 Selection of An Acceptable Mushroom Species/Strains
3.1.2 Secreting a Good Quality of Fruiting Culture
4
3.1.3 Development of Robust Spawn
3.1.4 Preparation of Selective Substrate/Compost
3.1.5 Care of Mycelial (Spawn) Running
3.1.6 Management of Fruiting/Mushroom Development
3.1.7 Harvesting Mushrooms Carefully
3.2 Mushroom Diseases
3.3 Post-Harvest Handling
3.4 Cultivation of several selected mushrooms
3.4.1 Agaricus bisporus (Champignon, Button mushroom)
3.4.2 Lentinula edodes (Xiang-gu, Shiitake, Oak mushroom)
3.4.3 Pleurotus sajor-caju (Grey oyster mushroom, Phoenix-tail mushroom, Indian oyster)
3.4.4 Volvariella volvacea (Patty straw mushroom, Chinese mushroom)
3.4.5 Agaricus brasiliensis (Royal Sun Agaricus, Himematsutake)
3.4.6 Ganoderma lucidum (Ling Zhi, Reishi)
4 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT (SPECIAL TOPIC)
4.1 Reducing Environmental Pollution by Bioconversion of Vast Quantities of Organic Wastes
into Mushrooms
4.2 Recycling of Vast Quantity of Organic Wastes into Mushrooms, Biofertilizer and Biogas
4.3 Restoration of Damaged Environment by Mushroom Mycelia
5 ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL IMPACTS (SPECIAL TOPIC)
6 CONCLUDING REMARKS
7 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
8 SUGGESTED FURTHER READINGS
9. ANNEX. RECONMENDATIONS FOR FOLLOW-UP ACTIVITIES
9.1 Problems for Cultivation of Mushrooms in Some Countries in the Region
9.2 The Strategies for Developing Mushroom Industries in the Asian and Pacific Region
9.3 Appropriate Training for Regional Mushroom Scientists and Mushroom Farmers
9.4 Consideration on the Formation of a Regional Network on Mushroom Development

 

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