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Publications > Proceedings of International Seminar on Biogas Technology for Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Development
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Table of Content

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .............................................................................................. 1
1. INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................... 3
1.1 BIOGAS BASICS...................................................................................................... 3
1.2 TYPES OF BIOGAS PLANTS ................................................................................ 6
1.3 BIOGAS APPLIANCES ........................................................................................... 8
1.4 ORGANIC FERTILIZER FROM BIOGAS PLANTS............................................ 15
1.5 CLIMATIC CONDITIONS FOR BIOGAS DISSEMINATION ............................. 16
2. CURRENT SITUATION AND RECENT DEVELOPMENTS ...............................21
2.1 DEVELOPMENTS IN LEADING ASIAN COUNTRIES....................................... 21
2.2 HOUSEHOLD BIOGAS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES ............................. 23
2.3 COMMERCIAL LARGE-SIZE BIOGAS SYSTEMS ............................................. 26
2.3.1 On-farm biogas systems ................................................................................ 26
2.3.2 Community biogas installations ..................................................................... 29
2.4 BIOGAS FOR INDUSTRIAL WASTE AND WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT ....... 32
2.5 ANAEROBIC DIGESTION AS PART OF ECOLOGICAL SANITATION .................. 34
3. THE APPLICATION OF CDM TO BIOGAS TECHNOLOGY .......................................37
3.1 POTENTIALS AND CONSTRAINTS OF INTEGRATED BIOGAS SYSTEMS ........ 37
3.2 THE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CARBON FUND............................................. 39
4. LESSONS LEARNED AND BEST PRACTICES..........................................................43
4.1 BARRIERS IN DEVELOPING CDM PROJECTS ..................................................... 43
4.2 MAIN ISSUES FOR LARGE SCALE BIOGAS PROJECTS ..................................... 46
4.3 MAIN ISSUES FOR MEDIUM AND SMALL SCALE BIOGAS PROJECT ............... 47
4.4 LIMITATIONS OF CDM AS FINANCING INSTRUMENTS ........................................ 52
5. STRATEGIES FOR BIOGAS DEVELOPMENT ..............................................................55
5.1 INVOLVEMENT OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR ........................................................... 55
5.2 INVOLVEMENT OF THE GOVERNMENTAL SECTOR ............................................ 59
5.3 SNV BIOGAS PROGRAMMES IN ASIA ...................................................................... 60
6. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS .............................................................65
6.1 EXPERIENCES FROM LEADING COUNTRIES ...................................................... 65
6.2 SOCIO-CULTURAL ASPECTS OF BIOGAS PROJECTS ........................................ 68
6.3 POLITICAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE CONSIDERATIONS ........................................ 70
ENDNOTES ............................................................................................................................73

 

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